Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States)

Sir Barton, the first Triple Crown winner, at the 1919 Preakness Stakes
Justify, the 13th winner, at the 2018 Preakness Stakes.

In the United States, the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, commonly known as the Triple Crown, is a title awarded to a three-year-old Thoroughbred horse who wins the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes, and Belmont Stakes. The three races were inaugurated in different years, the last being the Kentucky Derby in 1875. These races are now run annually in May and early June of each year. The Triple Crown Trophy, commissioned in 1950 but awarded to all previous winners as well as those after 1950, is awarded to a Triple Crown winner.

The first winner of all three Triple Crown races was Sir Barton in 1919. Some journalists began using the term Triple Crown to refer to the three races as early as 1923, but it was not until Gallant Fox won the three events in 1930 that Charles Hatton of the Daily Racing Form put the term into common use.

In the history of the Triple Crown, 13 horses have won all three races: Sir Barton (1919), Gallant Fox (1930), Omaha (1935), War Admiral (1937), Whirlaway (1941), Count Fleet (1943), Assault (1946), Citation (1948), Secretariat (1973), Seattle Slew (1977), Affirmed (1978), American Pharoah (2015), and Justify (2018). As of 2018, American Pharoah and Justify are the only living Triple Crown winners.

James E. "Sunny Jim" Fitzsimmons was the first trainer to win the Triple Crown more than once; he trained both Gallant Fox and his son Omaha for the Belair Stud breeding farm. Gallant Fox and Omaha are the only father-son duo to win the Triple Crown. Bob Baffert became the second trainer to win the Triple Crown twice, training American Pharoah and Justify. Belair Stud and Calumet Farm are tied as the owners with the most Triple Crown victories with two apiece. Calumet Farms won with Whirlaway and Citation. Eddie Arcaro rode both of Calumet Farms' Triple Crown champions and is the only jockey to win more than one Triple Crown.

Secretariat holds the stakes record time for each of the three races. His time of 2:24 for ​1 12 miles in the 1973 Belmont Stakes also set a world record that still stands.

Development

The three Triple Crown races had been run for decades before the series received its name; the Belmont Stakes was first run in 1867; the Preakness, in 1873; and the Kentucky Derby, in 1875. The term was in use at least by 1923, although Daily Racing Form writer Charles Hatton is commonly credited with originating the term in 1930.

Their order has varied. Before 1931, the Preakness was run before the Kentucky Derby eleven times. On May 12, 1917, and May 13, 1922, the Kentucky Derby and Preakness were run on the same day. Since 1931, the Kentucky Derby has been run first, followed by the Preakness, and then the Belmont.

Each Triple Crown race is open to both colts and fillies. Although fillies have won each of the individual Triple Crown races, none has won the Triple Crown itself. Despite attempts to develop a "Filly Triple Crown" or a "Triple Tiara" for fillies only, no set series of three races has consistently remained in the public eye, and at least four different configurations of races have been used. Two fillies won the series of the Kentucky Oaks, the Pimlico Oaks (now the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes), and the Coaching Club American Oaks, in 1949 and 1952, but the racing press did not designate either accomplishment as a "triple crown". In 1961, the New York Racing Association created a filly triple crown of in-state races only, but the races changed over the years. Eight fillies won the NYRA Triple Tiara between 1968 and 1993.

Gelded colts may run in any of the three races today, but they were prohibited from entering the Belmont between 1919 and 1957. Geldings have won each of the individual races, but like fillies, no gelding has ever won the Triple Crown. The closest was Funny Cide, who won the Derby and the Preakness in 2003.

All the races are held on dirt tracks, rather than the turf commonly used for important races in Europe.

Triple Crown races
RaceDateCurrent TrackLocationDistanceBackgroundCiteTrophy
Kentucky Derby
"The Run for the Roses"
First Saturday in MayChurchill DownsLouisville, Kentucky1 14 miles (2,000 m)Inaugurated in 1875, the race was originally 1 12 miles (2,400 m) until 1896 when it was shortened to its current distance. It is the only one of the three races to have been continuously run from its inception. Colts and geldings carry 126 pounds (57 kg) and fillies 121 pounds (55 kg). The field has been limited to 20 horses since 1975.Ky Derby Trophy.jpg
The Kentucky Derby Trophy
Preakness Stakes
"The Run for the Black-Eyed Susans"
Third Saturday in MayPimlico Race CourseBaltimore, Maryland1 316 miles (1,900 m)Started in 1873 and continuously run since 1894, it is the shortest of the three races. Pimlico was the home of the race from 1873 to 1889 and again from 1908 until the present. The Preakness was not run from 1891 to 1893. Weights are the same as for the Derby. Field is limited to 14 horses.Woodlawn Vase Preakness Stakes.jpg
The Woodlawn Vase
Belmont Stakes
"The Test of the Champion"
Third Saturday following the Preakness
(first or second Saturday in June)
Belmont ParkElmont, New York1 12 miles (2,400 m)Begun in 1867, it is the oldest of the three races and the longest, though not held in 1911 and 1912 due to anti-gambling legislation in New York. Race was held at various New York tracks until 1905 when Belmont Park became the permanent location. Distance varied from 1 58 to 1 18 miles (2,600 to 1,800 m) until set at 1 12 miles (2,400 m) in 1926. Weight assignments are the same as the other two races. Field is limited to 16 horses.Belmont Cup.png
The August Belmont Trophy

Winners

The sixth winner, Count Fleet, in the 1943 Kentucky Derby
The seventh winner, Assault in 1946 with Warren Mehrtens, jockey
Triple Crown winners
YearWinnerJockeyTrainerOwnerBreederColors
1919Sir BartonJohnny LoftusH. Guy BedwellJ. K. L. RossJohn E. MaddenOwner John E Madden.svg
1930Gallant FoxEarl SandeJim FitzsimmonsBelair StudBelair StudOwner Belair Stud.svg
1935OmahaWillie "Smokey" SaundersJim FitzsimmonsBelair StudBelair StudOwner Belair Stud.svg
1937War AdmiralCharles KurtsingerGeorge ConwaySamuel D. RiddleSamuel D. RiddleOwner Samuel D Riddle.svg
1941WhirlawayEddie ArcaroBen A. JonesCalumet FarmCalumet FarmOwner Calumet Farm original.svg
1943Count FleetJohnny LongdenDon CameronFannie HertzFannie HertzOwner Fannie Hertz.svg
1946AssaultWarren MehrtensMax HirschKing RanchKing RanchAssault
1948CitationEddie ArcaroHorace A. "Jimmy" JonesCalumet FarmCalumet FarmOwner Calumet Farm original.svg
1973SecretariatRon TurcotteLucien LaurinMeadow StableMeadow StableOwner Meadow Stable.svg
1977Seattle SlewJean CruguetWilliam H. Turner, Jr.Mickey and Karen L. Taylor,
Tayhill Stable/Jim Hill, et al.
Ben S. CastlemanOwner Ben S Castleman.svg
1978AffirmedSteve CauthenLaz BarreraHarbor View FarmHarbor View FarmAffirmed
2015American PharoahVictor EspinozaBob BaffertAhmed ZayatAhmed ZayatAmerican Pharoah
2018JustifyMike SmithBob BaffertChina Horse Club
Head of Plains Partners
Starlight Racing
WinStar Farm
John D. GuntherJustifyand Justify
During his 2018 bid for the Triple Crown, Justify used the colors of WinStar Farms (white, green and black star) for the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes. The colors of China Horse Club (red, yellow stars and sleeves) were used in the Belmont Stakes.

At completion of the 2016 season, the three Triple Crown races have attracted 4,224 entrants. Of these, 292 horses have won a single leg of the Triple Crown, 52 horses have won two of the races (23 the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes, 18 the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes, and 11 the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes), and 13 horses have won all three races. Pillory won both the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes in 1922, a year when it was impossible to win the Triple Crown because the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes were run on the same day.

10 of the 13 winners have been "homebreds", owned at the time of their win by their breeders.

Jim Fitzsimmons and Bob Baffert are the only two trainers to have two horses win the Triple Crown, with Fitzsimmons training the sire/son combination of 1930 winner Gallant Fox and 1935 winner Omaha and Baffert training 2015 winner American Pharoah and 2018 winner Justify. The wins by Fitzsimmons were also the first time that an owner and the first time that a breeder, Belair Stud holding both duties, had a repeat win of the Triple Crown. Calumet Farm is the only other owner with two Triple Crown horses, 1941 winner Whirlaway and 1948 winner Citation. Eddie Arcaro is the only jockey to ride two horses to the Triple Crown, both for Calumet, Whirlaway and Citation. Those two horses' trainers, Ben Jones and Jimmy Jones, were father and son.

All 13 horses, and most owners, trainers, and jockeys were born in the United States. The exceptions were jockey Johnny Longden, born in England and raised in Canada; French-born jockey Jean Cruguet; trainer Laz Barrera, from Cuba; and jockey Victor Espinoza, from Mexico. Secretariat's trainer, Lucien Laurin and jockey, Ron Turcotte were both Canadians. Owner Fannie Hertz was married to John D. Hertz, who was born in Slovakia; owner Ahmed Zayat was born in Egypt. Jockey Willie Saunders is considered a Canadian jockey because he grew up and established his career there, but was born in Montana. The horse Sir Barton was foaled in the United States but had a Canadian owner, J. K. L. Ross, at the time of his Triple Crown win, while Justify's owners were from both the United States and China.

Records

Secretariat holds the stakes record for each of the Triple Crown races, the Kentucky Derby (1:59 2/5), the Preakness Stakes (1:53), and the Belmont Stakes (2:24).

At 18, Steve Cauthen became the youngest jockey to win the Triple Crown, riding Affirmed in 1978. At 52, Mike Smith became the oldest jockey to win the Triple Crown, riding Justify in 2018.

Other notable achievements

Only one horse, Alydar, has placed (finished second) in all three races. He was defeated by Affirmed in all three races in 1978 by a combined margin of two lengths. His trainer John Veitch is the only trainer to have done this with one horse. In 1995, D. Wayne Lukas became the first and only major figure (owner, jockey, or trainer) to win all three Triple Crown races with different horses, Thunder Gulch in the Derby and Belmont, Timber Country in the Preakness. Lukas also is the only trainer to have won six straight Triple Crown races, adding his 1995 wins, having won the 1994 Preakness and Belmont with Tabasco Cat and the 1996 Derby with Grindstone.

Like Veitch, only with two different horses, Bob Baffert also had second-place finishes in all three legs of the Triple Crown, both owned by Ahmed Zayat: in 2012, Bodemeister finished second in the Kentucky Derby and Preakness stakes to I'll Have Another, then Paynter was entered and finished second to Union Rags. Baffert and Zayat teamed up again for the 2015 Triple Crown victory of American Pharoah.

Gallant Fox is the only Triple Crown winner to sire another U.S. Triple Crown winner, Omaha. Affirmed sired Peteski, winner of the 1993 Canadian Triple Crown.

Whirlaway, in addition to winning the 1941 Triple Crown, also won the Travers Stakes that year, becoming the first and only horse to date to accomplish that feat.

American Pharoah, in addition to winning the 2015 Triple Crown, also won the Breeders' Cup Classic that year. As the Breeders' Cup was not established until 1984, American Pharoah was the first (and, as of 2018, only) horse to sweep all four races, a feat that came to be known as the Grand Slam.

Gaps between wins

Horses leaving the Belmont Park starting gate at the beginning of a horse race
California Chrome (second from right) was stepped on by the number 3 horse while leaving the starting gate at the 2014 Belmont Stakes

After the first Triple Crown winner, Sir Barton, in 1919, there was not another winner until Gallant Fox in 1930, a gap of 11 years. Between 1930 and 1948, seven horses won the Triple Crown, with five years being the longest gap between winners. However, following the 1948 win of Citation, there was a considerable gap of 25 years before Secretariat ended the drought of Triple Crown champions in 1973. Between 1973 and 1978, there were three Triple Crown winners.

After Affirmed's Triple Crown in 1978, the longest drought in Triple Crown history began in 1979 with Spectacular Bid's failed Triple Crown attempt at the Belmont Stakes, and lasted until American Pharoah won in 2015. Between 1979 and 2014 thirteen horses won both the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes, but either failed to win the Belmont Stakes or could not start in the race. Of those, Real Quiet came the closest to winning the Triple Crown, losing the Belmont Stakes by a nose in 1998. Spectacular Bid finished 3rd in 1979. Pleasant Colony finished 3rd in 1981. Alysheba finished 4th in 1987. Sunday Silence finished 2nd in 1989. Real Quiet finished 2nd in 1998. Charismatic finished 3rd in 1999. War Emblem finished 8th in 2002. Funny Cide finished 3rd in 2003. Smarty Jones finished 2nd in 2004. Big Brown did not finish in 2008. I'll Have Another did not start (injury) 2012. California Chrome finished 4th in 2014.

In the 1979-2015 period, horses who contested all three races, losing the Kentucky Derby but winning the Preakness and the Belmont were Risen Star in 1988, Hansel in 1991, Tabasco Cat in 1994, Point Given in 2001, and Afleet Alex in 2005. In 1984, Swale and in 1995, Thunder Gulch ran all three races, winning the Derby and the Belmont, but not the Preakness.

The 37-year gap between the Triple Crown wins of Affirmed and American Pharoah drew criticism of the system. As far back as 1986, reporters noted that horses who were fresh for the Belmont had an advantage. In 2003, Gary Stevens stated in an interview with Charlie Rose that he did not believe there would be another Triple Crown winner because of the tendency for owners to put fresh horses in the Preakness and Belmont Stakes. California Chrome co-owner Steve Coburn was particularly critical of the Triple Crown system in post-Belmont remarks in 2014; he considered the system to be unfair, arguing that there would never be another Triple Crown winner in his lifetime unless only horses that competed in the Kentucky Derby and Preakness competed at the Belmont. By 2014, six of the previous eight Belmont winners had not competed in either of the first two legs of the Triple Crown. Additionally, from 2006 to 2014, the Belmont winner was a horse who had not competed in the Preakness. American Pharoah was the first Belmont winner since Afleet Alex in 2005 to have run all three Triple Crown races.

Unsuccessful bids

Big Brown, the winner of the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes, at the 2008 Belmont Stakes, where he was pulled up and did not finish.

Since all three races were inaugurated, as of 2017, 23 horses have won the Derby and Preakness but not the Belmont:

  • 1932: Burgoo King did not enter the Belmont due to lameness.:78, 182
  • 1936: Bold Venture did not enter the Belmont due to lameness.:78, 182
  • 1944: Pensive was the first horse to contest but lose the Belmont after winning the first two legs. He placed second to Bounding Home,:78 who had neither run in the Derby nor the Preakness.
  • 1958: Tim Tam, defeated by six lengths by Cavan, who had neither contested the Derby nor Preakness.
  • 1961: Carry Back, "sore" after the race, was seventh of nine entries, ​14 12 lengths behind the winner, a longshot named Sherluck.
  • 1964: Northern Dancer, defeated by Quadrangle.
  • 1966: Kauai King, defeated by Amberoid.
  • 1968: Forward Pass, defeated by Stage Door Johnny by ​1 14 lengths.
  • 1969: Majestic Prince, second by ​5 12 lengths to Arts and Letters. Loss attributed to fatigue and lameness.
  • 1971: Cañonero II, fourth in the Belmont to 34–1 longshot Pass Catcher, the loss attributed to a hoof problem.
  • 1979: Spectacular Bid, third in Belmont, was alleged to have stepped on a safety pin the morning of the race, though another theory blamed rider error by an inexperienced young jockey moving him too soon. He finished ​3 14 lengths behind Coastal and a neck behind the second-place horse, Golden Act.
  • 1981: Pleasant Colony, third in Belmont, ​1 12 lengths behind Summing and the second-place horse, Highland Blade.
  • 1987: Alysheba finished fourth in Belmont behind Bet Twice, Cryptoclearance, and Gulch.
  • 1989: Sunday Silence, second in Belmont, eight lengths behind Easy Goer.
  • 1997: Silver Charm, second in Belmont, ​34 length behind Touch Gold.
  • 1998: Real Quiet, second in Belmont after a photo finish, a nose behind Victory Gallop.
  • 1999: Charismatic, third in Belmont, ​1 12 lengths behind Lemon Drop Kid and second-place Vision and Verse. Charismatic was pulled up soon after the finish, vanned off with a bone fracture. He survived and was retired to stud.
  • 2002: War Emblem stumbled at gate in Belmont, finished eighth out of 11. Winner Sarava scored upset at record odds of 70-1.
  • 2003: Funny Cide, third in Belmont, five lengths behind Empire Maker, and ​4 14 lengths behind second-place horse, Ten Most Wanted.
  • 2004: Smarty Jones, second in Belmont, one length behind Birdstone.
  • 2008: Big Brown was pulled up in the home stretch of the Belmont, eased to a last-place finish. Winner was Da' Tara. A hoof problem had limited Big Brown's training, and may have been a factor in his defeat.
  • 2012: I'll Have Another was scratched from the Belmont the day before the race due to a tendon injury.
  • 2014: California Chrome finished in a dead heat for 4th in the Belmont after being stepped on by another horse leaving the gate and running the race with an injury to his heel and a scrape on his tendon.

Sponsorship and broadcasting

Originally, the three races largely organized their own nominations procedure, marketing and television broadcast rights. In 1985, Triple Crown Productions was created when the owner of Spend a Buck chose not to run in the other two Triple Crown races because of a financial incentive offered to any Kentucky Derby winner who could win a set of competing races in New Jersey. The organizers of the three races realized that they needed to work together.

Efforts to unify the sponsorship and marketing of all three Triple Crown races began in 1987 when ABC Sports negotiated a deal with Chrysler to pay $5 million to any horse that swept all three races, and $1 million each year there was no Triple Crown sweep to the horse with the highest combined Triple Crown finish. This sponsorship lasted until 1993. The end of the $1 million participation bonus was linked to the breakdown of Prairie Bayou at the Belmont Stakes that year and the uncomfortable situation that arose when the Kentucky Derby winner, Sea Hero, was given the bonus following a seventh-place finish.

In 1995, Visa USA took over the sponsorship with a 10-year contract, naming the series the Visa Triple Crown and offering only the $5 million bonus to a horse that could sweep the Triple Crown. Along with sponsorship by VISA, NBC Sports paid $51.5 million for broadcast rights to all three races, with the revenue split giving 50% of the total to Churchill Downs and 25% each to Pimlico and to the New York Racing Association (NYRA).

The Visa deal—and the cooperative effort—ended after 2005. The NYRA felt that they did not get a fair share of the revenue, particularly when the Belmont had the highest ratings of all three races in the years where a Triple Crown was on the line. From 2001 through 2013, average viewership for the Belmont was 7 million when the Triple Crown was not at stake, whereas viewership averaged 13 million when it was. With the contract term ending, the NYRA went to ESPN on ABC for the 2006 Belmont, while the broadcasts of the Derby and Preakness remained with NBC. Visa chose to remain as a sponsor of only Kentucky Derby for the next five years. As a result of the divided broadcast, Triple Crown Productions was unable to obtain a new sponsor.

YearsSponsorBonuses
1987–1993Chrysler Corporation$1 million (best overall record)
$5 million (three wins)
1995–2005Visa USA$5 million (three wins)
2006–presentTriple Crown ProductionsNone

In February 2011, ABC/ESPN dropped out of the negotiations to renew broadcast rights to the Belmont Stakes. NBC obtained the contract through 2015, once again uniting all three races on the same network. In 2014, NBC extended their contract for the Kentucky Derby through 2025. As of August 2015, NBC obtained a broadcast contract for the Belmont through 2020 and the Preakness through 2022.

Individual race winners

Key for full list of race winners
daggerDenotes winners of the Triple Crown
*Denotes winners of the Derby and Preakness but not the Belmont
#Denotes other winners of any other combination of 2 out of the 3 Triple Crown races
Full list of race winners
YearKentucky DerbyPreakness StakesBelmont Stakes
1867Ruthless[Fy]
1868General Duke
1869Fenian
1870Kingfisher
1871Harry Bassett
1872Joe Daniels
1873SurvivorSpringbok
1874CulpepperSaxon
1875AristidesTom OchiltreeCalvin
1876VagrantShirleyAlgerine
1877Baden-Baden# Cloverbrook# Cloverbrook
1878Day Star# Duke of Magenta# Duke of Magenta
1879Lord MurphyHaroldSpendthrift
1880Fonso# Grenada# Grenada
1881Hindoo# Saunterer# Saunterer
1882ApolloVanguardForester
1883LeonatusJacobusGeorge Kinney
1884BuchananKnight of EllersliePanique
1885Joe CottonTecumsehTyrant
1886Ben AliThe BardInspector B
1887MontroseDunboyneHanover
1888Macbeth IIRefundSir Dixon
1889SpokaneBuddhistEric
1890RileyMontagueBurlington
1891KingmanRNRFoxford
1892AzraRNRPatron
1893LookoutRNRCommanche
1894ChantAssigneeHenry of Navarre
1895Halma# Belmar# Belmar
1896Ben BrushMargraveHastings
1897Typhoon IIPaul KauvarScottish Chieftain
1898PlauditSly FoxBowling Brook
1899ManuelHalf TimeJean Bereaud
1900Lieut. GibsonHindusIldrim
1901His EminenceThe ParaderCommando
1902Alan-a-DaleOld EnglandMasterman
1903Judge HimesFlocarline[Fy]Africander
1904ElwoodBryn MawrDelhi
1905AgileCairngormTanya[Fy]
1906Sir HuonWhimsical[Fy]Burgomaster
1907Pink StarDon EnriquePeter Pan I
1908Stone StreetRoyal TouristColin
1909WintergreenEffendiJoe Madden
1910DonauLayminsterSweep
1911MeridianWatervaleRNR
1912WorthColonel HollowayRNR
1913DonerailBuskinPrince Eugene
1914Old RosebudHolidayLuke McLuke
1915Regret[Fy]Rhine Maiden[Fy]The Finn
1916George SmithDamroschFriar Rock
1917Omar KhayyamKalitanHourless
1918ExterminatorWar Cloud
Jack Hare, Jr.
Johren
1919winner of the Triple Crown Sir Bartonwinner of the Triple Crown Sir Bartonwinner of the Triple Crown Sir Barton
1920Paul Jones# Man o' War# Man o' War
1921Behave YourselfBroomspunGrey Lag
1922Morvich# Pillory# Pillory
1923# ZevVigil# Zev
1924Black GoldNellie Morse[Fy]Mad Play
1925Flying EbonyCoventryAmerican Flag
1926Bubbling OverDisplayCrusader
1927WhiskeryBostonianChance Shot
1928Reigh CountVictorianVito
1929Clyde Van DusenDr. FreelandBlue Larkspur
1930winner of the Triple Crown Gallant Foxwinner of the Triple Crown Gallant Foxwinner of the Triple Crown Gallant Fox
1931# Twenty GrandMate# Twenty Grand
1932* Burgoo King* Burgoo KingFaireno
1933Brokers TipHead PlayHurryoff
1934CavalcadeHigh QuestPeace Chance
1935winner of the Triple Crown Omahawinner of the Triple Crown Omahawinner of the Triple Crown Omaha
1936* Bold Venture* Bold VentureGranville
1937winner of the Triple Crown War Admiralwinner of the Triple Crown War Admiralwinner of the Triple Crown War Admiral
1938LawrinDauberPasteurized
1939# JohnstownChalledon# Johnstown
1940Gallahadion# Bimelech# Bimelech
1941winner of the Triple Crown Whirlawaywinner of the Triple Crown Whirlawaywinner of the Triple Crown Whirlaway
1942# Shut OutAlsab# Shut Out
1943winner of the Triple Crown Count Fleetwinner of the Triple Crown Count Fleetwinner of the Triple Crown Count Fleet
1944* Pensive* PensiveBounding Home
1945Hoop Jr.PolynesianPavot
1946winner of the Triple Crown Assaultwinner of the Triple Crown Assaultwinner of the Triple Crown Assault
1947Jet PilotFaultlessPhalanx
1948winner of the Triple Crown Citationwinner of the Triple Crown Citationwinner of the Triple Crown Citation
1949Ponder# Capot# Capot
1950# MiddlegroundHill Prince# Middleground
1951Count TurfBoldCounterpoint
1952Hill GailBlue ManOne Count
1953Dark Star# Native Dancer# Native Dancer
1954DetermineHasty RoadHigh Gun
1955Swaps# Nashua# Nashua
1956# NeedlesFabius# Needles
1957Iron LiegeBold RulerGallant Man
1958* Tim Tam* Tim TamCavan
1959Tomy LeeRoyal OrbitSword Dancer
1960Venetian WayBally AcheCeltic Ash
1961* Carry Back* Carry BackSherluck
1962DecidedlyGreek MoneyJaipur
1963# ChateaugayCandy Spots# Chateaugay
1964* Northern Dancer* Northern DancerQuadrangle
1965Lucky DebonairTom RolfeHail To All
1966* Kauai King* Kauai KingAmberoid
1967Proud Clarion# Damascus# Damascus
1968* Forward Pass* Forward PassStage Door Johnny
1969* Majestic Prince* Majestic PrinceArts and Letters
1970Dust CommanderPersonalityHigh Echelon
1971* Canonero II* Canonero IIPass Catcher
1972# Riva RidgeBee Bee Bee# Riva Ridge
1973winner of the Triple Crown Secretariatwinner of the Triple Crown Secretariatwinner of the Triple Crown Secretariat
1974Cannonade# Little Current# Little Current
1975Foolish PleasureMaster DerbyAvatar
1976# Bold ForbesElocutionist# Bold Forbes
1977winner of the Triple Crown Seattle Slewwinner of the Triple Crown Seattle Slewwinner of the Triple Crown Seattle Slew
1978winner of the Triple Crown Affirmedwinner of the Triple Crown Affirmedwinner of the Triple Crown Affirmed
1979* Spectacular Bid* Spectacular BidCoastal
1980Genuine Risk[Fy]CodexTemperence Hill
1981* Pleasant Colony* Pleasant ColonySumming
1982Gato Del SolAloma's RulerConquistador Cielo
1983Sunny's HaloDeputed TestamonyCaveat
1984# SwaleGate Dancer# Swale
1985Spend A BuckTank's ProspectCreme Fraiche
1986FerdinandSnow ChiefDanzig Connection
1987* Alysheba* AlyshebaBet Twice
1988Winning Colors[Fy]# Risen Star# Risen Star
1989* Sunday Silence* Sunday SilenceEasy Goer
1990UnbridledSummer SquallGo And Go
1991Strike the Gold# Hansel# Hansel
1992Lil E. TeePine BluffA.P. Indy
1993Sea HeroPrairie BayouColonial Affair
1994Go for Gin# Tabasco Cat# Tabasco Cat
1995# Thunder GulchTimber Country# Thunder Gulch
1996GrindstoneLouis QuatorzeEditor's Note
1997* Silver Charm* Silver CharmTouch Gold
1998* Real Quiet* Real QuietVictory Gallop
1999* Charismatic* CharismaticLemon Drop Kid
2000Fusaichi PegasusRed BulletCommendable
2001Monarchos# Point Given# Point Given
2002* War Emblem* War EmblemSarava
2003* Funny Cide* Funny CideEmpire Maker
2004* Smarty Jones* Smarty JonesBirdstone
2005Giacomo# Afleet Alex# Afleet Alex
2006BarbaroBernardiniJazil
2007Street SenseCurlinRags to Riches[Fy]
2008* Big Brown* Big BrownDa' Tara
2009Mine That BirdRachel Alexandra[Fy]Summer Bird
2010Super SaverLookin at LuckyDrosselmeyer
2011Animal KingdomShacklefordRuler on Ice
2012* I'll Have Another* I'll Have AnotherUnion Rags
2013OrbOxbowPalace Malice
2014* California Chrome* California ChromeTonalist
2015winner of the Triple Crown American Pharoahwinner of the Triple Crown American Pharoahwinner of the Triple Crown American Pharoah
2016NyquistExaggeratorCreator
2017Always DreamingCloud ComputingTapwrit
2018winner of the Triple Crown Justifywinner of the Triple Crown Justifywinner of the Triple Crown Justify
2019
Notes
  • [Fy] Denotes a filly. Fillies won the Kentucky Derby in 1915, 1980, and 1988, Preakness Stakes in 1903, 1906, 1915, 1924, and 2009, and Belmont Stakes in 1867, 1905, and 2007.
  • RNR Race not run. The Belmont was not run in 1911 and 1912 due to anti-betting legislation passed in New York State. The Preakness did not run 1891–1893.

See also

External links

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (United States)", which is released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.