Echinocereus

Echinocereus
Echinocereus triglochidiatus 8.jpg
Echinocereus triglochidiatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Core eudicots
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Cactaceae
Subfamily:Cactoideae
Tribe:Pachycereeae
Subtribe:Echinocereinae
Genus:Echinocereus
Engelm.
Species

See text

Synonyms

Morangaya G.D.Rowley
Wilcoxia Britton & Rose

Echinocereus is a genus of ribbed, usually small to medium-sized cylindrical cacti, comprising about 70 species native to the southern United States and Mexico in very sunny rocky places. Usually the flowers are large and the fruit edible.

The name comes from the Ancient Greek ἐχῖνος (echinos), meaning "hedgehog," and the Latin cereus meaning "candle." They are sometimes known as hedgehog cacti, a term also used for the Pediocactus and Echinopsis.

Description

Echinocereus are bushy and globular with tight spines which are often colorful and decorative. The flowers last slightly longer than those of other cacti.

Cultivation

Echinocereus is easier to cultivate than many other cacti. They need a light soil, a sunny exposure, a fresh and dry winter to flower. They like a soil slightly richer than other cacti. In the wild, several of the species are cold-hardy, tolerating temperatures as low as -23 °C but only in dry conditions.

Species

Hedgehog cactus growing in the wild
A color picture of a green cactus with white and tan spines
Echinocereus reichenbachii var. reichenbachii
  • Echinocereus abbeae
  • Echinocereus acifer
  • Echinocereus acifer subsp. tubiflorus
  • Echinocereus adustus
  • Echinocereus albatus
  • Echinocereus albiflorus
  • Echinocereus albispinus
  • Echinocereus amoenus
  • Echinocereus angusticeps
  • Echinocereus apachensis
  • Echinocereus arizonicus Rose ex Orcutt
    • Echinocereus arizonicus subsp. nigrihorridispinus
  • Echinocereus barthelowanus
  • Echinocereus berlandieri (Engelm.) Haage f.
  • Echinocereus blankii
  • Echinocereus bonatzii
  • Echinocereus bonkerae
  • Echinocereus boyce-thompsonii
  • Echinocereus brandegeei
  • Echinocereus carmenensis
  • Echinocereus chisoensis W.T.Marshall
    • Echinocereus chisoensis var. chisoensis
    • Echinocereus chisoensis var. fobeanus (Oehme) N.P.Taylor
  • Echinocereus chloranthus
  • Echinocereus chlorophtalmus
  • Echinocereus cinerascens
    • Echinocereus cinerascens subsp. septentrionalis
  • Echinocereus coccineus Engelm.
    • Echinocereus coccineus subsp. coccineus
    • Echinocereus coccineus subsp. rosei
  • Echinocereus ctenoides
  • Echinocereus cucumis
  • Echinocereus dasyacanthus Engelm.
  • Echinocereus davisii Houghton
  • Echinocereus delaetii
  • Echinocereus ehrenbergii
  • Echinocereus enneacanthus Engelm.
  • Echinocereus engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Lem.
  • Echinocereus fasciculatus (Engelm. ex B.D.Jacks.) L.D.Benson
  • Echinocereus fendleri (Engelm.) Sencke ex J.N.Haage
    • Echinocereus fendleri subsp. fendleri
    • Echinocereus fendleri subsp. hempelii (Fobe) W.Blum
    • Echinocereus fendleri subsp. rectispinus (Peebles) N.P.Taylor
  • Echinocereus ferreirianus H.E.Gates
    • Echinocereus ferreirianus subsp. ferreirianus
    • Echinocereus ferreirianus subsp. lindsayi (J.Meyrán) N.P.Taylor
  • Echinocereus fitchii
  • Echinocereus gentryi
  • Echinocereus grandis
  • Echinocereus knippelianus
  • Echinocereus longisetus
  • Echinocereus ledingii
  • Echinocereus leonensis
  • Echinocereus mapimiensis
  • Echinocereus milleri
  • Echinocereus mojavensis (Engelm. & J.M.Bigelow) Rümpler
  • Echinocereus morricalii
  • Echinocereus ×neomexicanus Standley
  • Echinocereus nicholii (L.Benson) Parfitt
  • Echinocereus nivosus
  • Echinocereus pacificus
  • Echinocereus palmeri
  • Echinocereus paucispinus
  • Echinocereus papillosus Linke ex Rumpl.
  • Echinocereus pectinatus (Scheidw.) Engelm.
  • Echinocereus pensilis
  • Echinocereus pentalophus (DC.) Haage
  • Echinocereus polyacanthus Engelm.
  • Echinocereus poselgeri Lem.
  • Echinocereus procumbens
  • Echinocereus pulchellus
  • Echinocereus purpureus
  • Echinocereus reichenbachii (Terscheck ex Walp.) hort. ex Haage
    • Echinocereus reichenbachii subsp. armatus (Poselg.) N.P.Taylor
    • Echinocereus reichenbachii subsp. baileyi (Rose) N.P.Taylor
    • Echinocereus reichenbachii subsp. fitchii (Britton & Rose) N.P.Taylor
    • Echinocereus reichenbachii subsp. perbellus (Britton & Rose) N.P.Taylor
    • Echinocereus reichenbachii subsp. reichenbachii
  • Echinocereus rigidissimus (Engelm.) hort. ex F.Haage
  • Echinocereus relictus B. Wellard
  • Echinocereus ×roetteri (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Rümpler
  • Echinocereus salm-dyckianus
  • Echinocereus scheerii
  • Echinocereus schmollii (Weing.) N.P.Taylor
  • Echinocereus spinibarbis
  • Echinocereus stramineus (Engelm.) F.Seitz
  • Echinocereus stoloniferus
  • Echinocereus subterraneus
  • Echinocereus subinermis
  • Echinocereus triglochidiatus Engelm. – King Cup Cactus, Claret Cup Cactus
  • Echinocereus uspenskii
  • Echinocereus viereckii
  • Echinocereus viridiflorus Engelm. – Green Pitaya
    • Echinocereus viridiflorus var. chloranthus (Engelm.) Backeb.
    • Echinocereus viridiflorus var. correllii L.D.Benson
    • Echinocereus viridiflorus var. cylindricus Rümpler
    • Echinocereus viridiflorus var. russanthus (D.Weniger) A.D.Zimm.
    • Echinocereus viridiflorus var. viridiflorus
  • Echinocereus websterianus
  • Echinocereus yavapaiensis M. A. Baker

Formerly placed here

  • Echinopsis candicans (Gillies ex Salm-Dyck) F.A.C.Weber ex D.R.Hunt (as E. candicans (Gillies ex Salm-Dyck) Rümpler)

References

Bibliography

  • Fischer, Pierre C. 70 Common Cacti of the Southwest. City unknown: Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, 1989.
  • Anderson, Miles (1998). The Ultimate Book of Cacti and Succulents. ISBN 1-85967-460-7. Lorenz Books.
  • Innes C, Wall B (1995). Cacti' Succulents and Bromaliads. Cassell & The Royal Horticultural Society.
  • Anderson, Edward F. : "The Cactus Family" (2001)
  • Taylor, Nigel P.: The Genus Echinocereus. Kew Magazine Monograph, Timber Press 1985, ISBN 0-88192-052-5
  • Blum, Lange, Rischer & Rutow: Echinocereus, (1998)

External links

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Echinocereus", which is released under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.